One look at this effigy and it is clear that it honors someone who was wealthy and important. Elizabeth Countess of Shrewsbury, or Bess of Hardwick as she is often known, was responsible for building the original Chatsworth house and the ‘New’ Hardwick Hall (known as more glass than wall). She also designed her own memorial, pictured above, which sits in Derby Cathedral above the vault containing her coffin. A one time lady in waiting to Queen Elizabeth I, Bess is also an ancestor of the current Queen Elizabeth II. Marrying & burying 4 husbands, becoming richer each time it is clear she was also the greatest ‘social climber’ of her day.